MP3DP v4 CoreXY¶
Having fun, this is the second CoreXY version for me, 4th printer design overall. Works fantastic, can be scaled on all axes. Physical and mesh bed leveling. You will need a 6 driver board for this one. Linear rails on all axes, belt drive Z axes.
The V1 Engineering printers are not as well documented as the CNC’s. Building a printer is surprisingly much more difficult than making a large CNC. This is very much DIY, ask questions in the forums, and we will help you out and hopefully fill in the details here as we go.
These instructions are getting filled in as questions are asked
More details to come, forum thread.**
This printer is designed open-ended and open source. There are so many variables to making a printer the way YOU want it I can not possibly cover everything. I will list how I made it, that will be the easiest path to follow, and from there I will try to provide tips and tricks to modify it to suit your needs. For example, I use a BLTouch, you can use anything you want just know you will need to modify your extruder mount to fit it and edit the firmware accordingly.
Electronics and specialized printer parts¶
5 steppers, The Z steppers can be quite small, the X and Y steppers in a core XY should be higher end so speed is not an issue. Good Shop Steppers ~$57
5 Pulleys ~$14
2 Smooth idlers ~$4.80
6 Toothed Idlers ~$14.40
Belt 10mm GT2 length calculation needed. Rough estimate 4x(X length)+4x(YLength)+3x(Z length)+ 750mm. ~$10
Endstops, 2 X and Y, Z uses the probe. Shop Endstops ~$3.20
Power Supply, 12-24V make sure all the components match this voltage. 45W+ for printer and hotend, Heated beds needs 300W plus unless you are doing mains powered. Example ~$25
Heated Bed, DC beds are easy, AC beds are faster but require a Solid State Relay. ~$25
PEI sheet or other print adhesion methods. ~$30
Bed standoffs, silcone tube, or springs ~$1
Linear rails, sizes per the CAD, Linear rails will be X=Usable+100mm Y=Usable +50mm Z=Usable+50mm. Example ~$95
Extruder -I used the Hemera ~$170
Probe - I used the BL Touch ~$40
Total for this section ~$636
Less than a spool of filament, IF you print them yourself ~$20
There are lots of wire clip options in the CAD.
Hardware and frame¶
The frame can be just extrusion, extrusions and panels, if you are hardcore you can build it out of just panels but, I found that to be too seasonally variable to have an accurate printer. Extrusions and panels is the easiest if you have a CNC to make the panels. If you use panels and extrusions you will use M3x10mm screws and T Nuts, just extrusions you will use whatever your brackets come with (M5 and T nuts).
Hardware, linear rails all use M3x8 (plus the one stepper mount marked with an “8”, “Y” stepper). Min 3 per rail +1 (16), max 1 per 25mm of rail +1 (30+).
M2.5x12 for the endstops, 4 qty
M3x10mm for the steppers (19), X rail connection (4), rail bearing blocks (24), printed parts to frame (20), Optional panels (~80). ~150 qty+
M5x30 & nuts for all of the assembly. ~17qty
Quantities vary depending on build size, more info to come for the assembly.
Slide in T nuts are better than twist in. You will need some of both.
Cut all your rails a 2-3mm short so you have some room to adjust for square. There is no advantage to a tight fit on the extrusions. If you are using panels, you can leave 5mm of room and even more on the Z extrusions to allow for wire management.
The running totals here can vary, ~$750 if you buy everything new. If you have any parts you can reuse than you can quickly bring that price down.
I find it best to start with the back of the frame, build it as accurate as possible, and use that as your reference for all other frame pieces.
The X dimension (left to right as you face the printer) is by far the most critical. This makes the X rail fit into the printed pieces.
Belts, cut the belts to a point if you are having a hard time passing them through the slots. If they do not stay put a piece of filament in the loop.
Squaring and calibration¶
Frame squaring takes the longest and the more perfect you get this, the easier it will be to get dimensionally accurate parts. This mainly consists of measuring the diagonals of all faces of the frame and making them match, to the best of your abilities.
X, Y, and Z dimensions should be spot on, the axes are geared.
Acceleration, jerk/junction deviation, and extrusion temp are all easily testable and tuned.
Make sure to calibrate your E steps to your extruder with the 100mm extrusion test.
The part I spend the most time on is testing diagonals. For example, printing a large square on the bed, measuring the diagonals, and ensuring I am printing squares. This course adjustment is the position of the X rail (it has some wiggle room in the 4 screws), the fine adjustment is actually the XY belt tensions (if you tug on a belt you will see how it tweaks the X rail position. From there, the Y rails can be adjusted in relation to the Z rails. If you were to print something tall if it is leaning or not 90 degrees one of you Y rails can be moved up or down to compensate. I am able to get 150mm diagonals in XY (flat), YZ (tall front to back), XZ (tall left to right) within 0.1mm with a few test prints. If you are not really printing dimensionally critical functional parts, you can mostly skip this step. Make sure not to overtighten the belts, plucking them you should barely get a sound. Since it is doubled up, 1/16 turn of the tensions screws provides a lot of movement. You can easily stall your steppers with too much belt tension.
Wiring and Electronics¶
Stepper location Z1 to Z port Z2 to E1 port Z3 to E2 port | 3 | | | |1 2|
Firmware is in the builder for an SKR Pro, V13RP_V4_SkrPro_2209-2.x.x.zip , configured for 200x200x200. If you make size changes you will need to change the bed size, and/or mesh size, and/or Z height. Then recompile and flash.
Some rules for resizing. Your X dimension has to be in multiples of 25mm. All of the other axis can be any length you want, the CAD just might look a little funny with the rail hole spacing, that is just cosmetic in CAD. No functional issues other than rails are typically sold in multiples of 25mm.
- Open the link wither on this page, or the Printables.com page.
- Click the link to open in Fusion360
- Open the Parameters file. It will appear blank.
- Click “Modify”
- Click “Change Parameters”
- These number represent the Usable area of your bed, and how tall you want the Z axis.
- Note it is best to work in multiples of 25mm. It is a must for the X axis, but you can do whatever you would like for the X and Y axes.
- Save the file, and close it.
- Open all three of the rail files. All at once or one at a time.
- Click the update icon at the top (red arrow).
- Save the file and close, for each file (black arrow).
- Open the complete assembly.
- Update and save this new assembly.
- Open the bed support component by clicking the small circular button next to it (red arrow).
- The usable area should already be correct but you can adjust the rest to fit your specific bed.
- Open the first sketch (black arrow).
- From here you can adjust the mounting hole locations (green arrows).
- You can also move the center of the bed to account for the nozzle offset. The Hemera is offset by 12.5mm.
- “Finish Sketch” to save any changes.
- You can fine tune the mounting hole sizes here.
- The strain relief can also be adjusted.
- The step will let you adjust the plate to work for 3 or 4 mounting hole beds.
- Any area in blue wil become part of the component.
- This is the sketch to export for cutting, just right click “Export DXF”.
- Click the icon at the top to get the full assembly back.